Marco Común Europeo de Referencia para las lenguas.

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a conceptual framework created in Europe (and adopted in Colombia), which provides standards for Learning, Teaching and Assessment of languages.

The objectives of the CEFR are:

  • Further intensify the learning and usage of languages as a means to facilitate international communication.
  • Promote and facilitate cooperation of educational institutions in different countries.
  • Provide a sound basis for the mutual recognition of language qualifications.
  • Assist learners, teachers, course designers, examining bodies, and educational administrators to situate and coordinate their efforts.

The uses of the CEFR include:

1) The planning of language learning programmes in terms of:

  • their assumptions regarding prior knowledge;
  • their objectives;
  • their content.

2) The planning of language certification in terms of:

  • the content syllabus of examinations;
  • assessment criteria, in terms of positive achievement rather than negative deficiencies.

3) The planning of self-directed learning, including:

  • raising the learner’s awareness of his or her present state of knowledge;
  • self-setting of feasible and worthwhile objectives;
  • selection of materials;
  • self-assessment.

4) Learning programmes and certification can be:

  • global, bringing a learner forward in all dimensions of language proficiency and communicative competence;
  • modular, improving the learner’s proficiency in a restricted area for a particular purpose;
  • weighted, emphasizing learning in certain directions and producing a ‘profile’ in which a higher level is attained in some areas of knowledge and skill than others;
  • partial, taking responsibility only for certain activities and skills (e.g. reception) and leaving others aside.