Marco Común Europeo de Referencia para las lenguas.
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a conceptual framework created in Europe (and adopted in Colombia), which provides standards for Learning, Teaching and Assessment of languages.
The objectives of the CEFR are:
- Further intensify the learning and usage of languages as a means to facilitate international communication.
- Promote and facilitate cooperation of educational institutions in different countries.
- Provide a sound basis for the mutual recognition of language qualifications.
- Assist learners, teachers, course designers, examining bodies, and educational administrators to situate and coordinate their efforts.
The uses of the CEFR include:
1) The planning of language learning programmes in terms of:
- their assumptions regarding prior knowledge;
- their objectives;
- their content.
2) The planning of language certification in terms of:
- the content syllabus of examinations;
- assessment criteria, in terms of positive achievement rather than negative deficiencies.
3) The planning of self-directed learning, including:
- raising the learner’s awareness of his or her present state of knowledge;
- self-setting of feasible and worthwhile objectives;
- selection of materials;
4) Learning programmes and certification can be:
- global, bringing a learner forward in all dimensions of language proficiency and communicative competence;
- modular, improving the learner’s proficiency in a restricted area for a particular purpose;
- weighted, emphasizing learning in certain directions and producing a ‘profile’ in which a higher level is attained in some areas of knowledge and skill than others;
- partial, taking responsibility only for certain activities and skills (e.g. reception) and leaving others aside.